This presentation shows how Japan ensures the right set of professional learning opportunities for teachers to meet the challenges in teaching and learning. The presentation will introduce the recent changes in professional learning system in Japan to foster more holistic approach to teachers’ professional learning and development. Japan has been a forerunner in having a system to ensure professional learning for teachers. Lesson study, for example, promotes teacher autonomy and ensures structure for teachers to engage in quality practice of professional learning. However, Japan also faces the changing needs of teachers and society today. This presentation thus shows the policy approaches in Japan to update its professional learning structure.